Hypertensive crisis - a condition in which hypertensive patients urgently need emergency assistance. In this patient strongly increased blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, vision drops, red face and neck. Duration hypertensive crisis can vary from a few minutes to several hours. The longer the duration, the more dangerous and difficult complications.
The reason for this condition may be stress, severe exercise or refusal of medical treatment.
When hypertensive crisis as soon as possible it is important to call the emergency assistance. First aid is that the patient should be helped to take half-sitting posture, to help him regain his breath, soothe, if he is nervous. Prior to hide help soon need to give the hypertensive drug lowers blood pressure. When the pressure of hypertensive crisis should be reduced to 10 units per hour. The sharp drop in blood pressure is dangerous.
Hypertensive crisis is dangerous for its complications. Especially if the duration of more than two hours. The most dangerous complications are coma, brain hemorrhage, pulmonary edema, heart attack, heart failure. For the treatment of hypertensive crisis other patients receiving oral medication sufficiently to control blood pressure every 12 hours for at least 2 days.
If a hypertensive crisis occurred with diabetic man who suffered a stroke or a heart attack, it is necessary and required hospitalization.